Amrit Mahotsav


International Tiger Day 2022: Facts,Themes,History

International Tiger Day 2022 : Every year on July 29th, the world celebrates International Tiger Day. This day’s goal is to inspire everyone to take action to save the wild cats. The day is observed to raise awareness about the importance of tiger conservation among individuals, organizations, and governments. This day’s goal is to inspire everyone to take action to save the wild cats.

According to the World Wildlife Fund, approximately 95% of the tiger population has declined in the last 150 years.

Headquarters: Gland, Switzerland;

World Wildlife Fund Founded: 29 April 1961;

World Wildlife Fund Founders: Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

International Tiger Day Dates


International Tiger Day: History

International Tiger Day was introduced in 2010 after it was discovered that 97 per cent of tigers had disappeared in the past century, with only about 3,000 remaining. Since tigers were on the verge of extinction, a number of countries signed an agreement at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia to prevent the situation from worsening. Tigers are found in only 13 countries of the world, while 70 per cent of its tigers are in India only.The 13 tiger range countries came together and formed TX2 award with the target to double the number of tigers present, from 3000 to at least 6000 by 2022.

International Tiger Day: Timeline


International Tiger Day 2022: Significance

Apart from preserving these species, the day aims to protect and expand tiger habitats. Many international organisations, including the World Wide Fund for Nature, the International Fund for Animal Welfare, and the Smithsonian Institution, observe International Tiger Day. According to the WWF, the current wild cat population is 3,900. Nearly 70% of the world’s tiger population is found in India.

Why is global Tiger Day celebrated?

Tigers are an essential component of the food chain and they support the ecosystem.Therefore, before they fully disappear from the face of the world, it is necessary to consider their protection. The 29th of July will be recognised as International Tiger Day in order to raise awareness of the extinction and preservation of this animal. The day emphasises the great importance that tigers play in keeping the ecosystem in balance, how they are killed for their body parts, and the steps that need to be taken right now to safeguard this species.

International Tiger Day 2022: Theme

The theme for International Tiger Day 2022 this year is “India launches Project Tiger to revitalize the tiger population.” They support initiatives that work with local communities to protect tigers while also taking strong action against poaching and illegal trade.

Some interesting facts related to tigers that you might not know:

  • Tigers prefer to hunt in ambush, and a tiger pack is also known as an ambush or streak.
  • Tigers have been present in South Asia for at least 2 million years, according to fossils discovered.
  • Tigers are well-known for their ability to mimic the sounds of other animals.
  • More tigers are kept in captivity than there are in the wild.
  • India has the most wild tigers, estimated to be around 3000.
  • The Bengal tiger, Siberian tiger, South China tiger, Indochinese tiger, Sumatran tiger, Malayan tiger, Javan tiger, Bali tiger, and Caspian tiger are the nine different types of tigers.
  • Three tiger species are extinct, and the remaining six are endangered.
  • A tiger’s roar emits infrared frequencies, which can paralyse prey.
  • Every tiger has unique tiger stripes, just as every human has unique fingerprints.
  • White tigers are a subspecies of Bengal tigers that can be found in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.

How to mark International Tiger Day 2022?

  • WWF offices, organisations, celebrities, governments, non-governmental organisations, and others mark International Tiger Day by holding events in support of tiger conservation campaigns.
  • You can attend these events to learn more about protecting these animals.
  • At WWF, you can adopt a tiger and help it live in the best possible conditions.
  • Teach your family and friends the importance of Tiger Day.


Why is International Tiger Day celebrated?

The International Tiger Day is celebrated on July 29 every year to raise awareness and support for tiger conservation issues 

Which country has the most tigers?

 India has the largest tiger population in the world. It is the home for nearly 3000 tigers.

Which is the largest tiger reserve in India?

The Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve is the largest in India, with an area of 3,728 sq.

What are the 13 countries with tiger ranges?

 Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam are members of the 13 tiger range countries. Tigers are locally extinct in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam.

  What is the primary cause of tigers becoming extinct at such a rapid rate?

The main reasons for the tigers’ declining population are widespread poaching and habitat destruction. In the last 150 years, more than 95 percent of the total tiger population has become extinct.

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